India Cardiac Surgery Site is associated with experienced cardiologists to deliver the perfect treatment and recuperative plan. Before the surgery, we will educate the patient with every fact involved in surgery and maintain the transparency in procedure, facilities and the related costs. We provide quality services and also assists with arrangements by keeping the concerns of the international patients in mind, providing you the utmost care and professionalism.
How to Get Started?
Planning your medical trip to India is a very simple process with India Cardiac surgery site
1. You just need to fill in our enquiry form and one of our executives will contact you soon.
2. 91-9370586696 Call us at the given contact number for any assistance.
3. Complete information regarding surgery is provided in our website.
Cardiomyopathy: What Should You Know?
Cardiomyopathy literally means “heart muscle disease” (Myo= muscle, pathy= disease) It is the deterioration of the function of the myocardium (i.e., the actual heart muscle) for any reason. People with cardiomyopathy are often at risk of arrhythmia and/or sudden cardiac death.
Types of Cardiomyopathy:
- Extrinsic cardiomyopathies – Cardiomyopathies where the primary pathology is outside the myocardium itself. Most cardiomyopathies are extrinsic, because by far the most common cause of a cardiomyopathy is ischemia. The World Health Organization calls these specific cardiomyopathies:
- Alcoholic cardiomyopathy
- Coronary artery disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Nutritional diseases affecting the heart
- Ischemic (or ischaemic) cardiomyopathy
- Hypertensive cardiomyopathy
- Valvular cardiomyopathy – see also Valvular heart disease below
- Inflammatory cardiomyopathy – see also Inflammatory heart disease below
- Cardiomyopathy secondary to a systemic metabolic disease
- Intrinsic cardiomyopathies – Weakness in the muscle of the heart that is not due to an identifiable external cause.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) – Most common form, and one of the leading indications for heart transplantation. In DCM the heart (especially the left ventricle) is enlarged and the pumping function is diminished.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM or HOCM) – Genetic disorder caused by various mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins. In HCM the heart muscle is thickened, which can obstruct blood flow and prevent the heart from functioning properly.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) – Arises from an electrical disturbance of the heart in which heart muscle is replaced by fibrous scar tissue. The right ventricle is generally most affected.
- Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) – least common cardiomyopathy. The walls of the ventricles are stiff, but may not be thickened, and resist the normal filling of the heart with blood.
- Noncompaction Cardiomyopathy – The left ventricle wall has failed to properly grow from birth and such has a spongy appearance when viewed during an echocardiogram.
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Often the causes of the cardiomyopathy are unknown. However, the doctors are able to identify the contributing factors in some patients. These include the following:
- Long term high blood pressure
- Genetic condition
- Chronic rapid heart rate
- Heart tissue damage due to previous heart attack
- Heart valve problems
- Nutritional deficiencies of essential vitamins and minerals
- Metabolic disorders like obesity, diabetes or thyroid diseases
- Excessive alcohol consumptions
- Pregnancy complications
- Certain infections that may injure the heart and trigger cardiomyopathy
- Use of cocaine, amphetamines or anabolic steroids
- Connective tissue disorders
- Iron buildup in the heart muscles called as hemochromatosis
- Amyloidosis, a disorder that causes buildup of abnormal proteins
- Sarcoidosis, a condition causing inflammation and growth of lumps of cells in the heart and other organs
- Use of some chemotherapy drugs and radiation to treat cancer
Who is at risk for Cardiomyopathy?
People of all ages can have cardiomyopathy. The dilated cardiomyopathy is more common in African Americans than in Whites. This type of disease is more common in men than in women.
Signs and Symptoms:
People with cardiomyopathy may not have any signs or symptoms in the early stages. Usually, the following signs and symptoms appear as the condition advances.
- Chest pain
- Breathlessness with exertion or even at rest
- Bloating of the abdomen due to the fluid build-up
- Swelling in the legs, feet and ankles
- Cough while lying down
- Irregular heart beats that feel rapid, fluttering or pounding
- Dizziness, fainting and lightheadedness
No matter what type of cardiomyopathy you have, the signs and symptoms tend to worsen unless treated. In certain people, the worsening happens quite quickly, while in others it may not worsen for a long time.
- When should I anticipate treatment for cardiomyopathy?
- If you develop chest pain, palpitations, faintness or difficulty in breathing, you should seek treatment for cardiomyopathy in a hospital.
- Can cardiomyopathy be cured?
- Cardiomyopathy usually cannot be cured, but it can be controlled by medication. If the cause is taken care off only then the cure may be possible.
- If I have cardiomyopathy, what can I do to help my condition?
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol as these may worsen your symptoms. Maintain a healthy body weight-if you notice an increase in your body weight, then it indicates fluid retention in your body and you may be developing heart failure.
- How do I choose the best surgeon in India with India Cardiac Surgery Site?
- The medical fraternity in India is widely acclaimed for excellence in treatments. All you have to do is send us your medical report and be rest assured. We will choose the best suitable surgeon for you, after consulting our experts.
- How will your service be different from that of the other hospitals in India?
- India Cardiac Surgery Consultants have an association with the best surgeons and hospitals in India with treatment facilities for almost all kinds of medical problems. Our group helps overseas patients by choosing the best treatment facility for the cardiomyopathy treatments in India.
How is Cardiomyopathy Diagnosed?
The diagnostic procedures done to determine a cardiomyopathy are listed below:
- Physical exam
- Blood test
- Family history
- EKG or Electrocardiography
- Stress test
How is Cardiomyopathy Treated?
The treatment of cardiomyopathy depends upon the types and conditions of this disease, your age and overall health.
The main goals of treating cardiomyopathy include:
- Stop it from getting worse
- Manage any conditions that contribute to the disease
- Reduce complications and the risk of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA)
- Control the signs and symptoms so that you can live as normal as possible
Treatments include lifestyle changes, medicines, nonsurgical procedure, surgery and implanted devices to correct arrhythmias.
Lifestyle Changes: Your doctor may suggest to make certain lifestyle changes to manage the symptoms of cardiomyopathy. Lifestyle changes include:
- Healthy diet
- Quit smoking
- Physical activity
- Avoid excessive alcohol consumption
- Reduce stress
- Get enough sleep and rest
- Treat the underlying conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes
Medicines: Your doctor may prescribe medicines to lower the blood pressure, keep the heart beating at a normal rhythm, slow your heart rate and balance the electrolytes in your body. He will prescribe you anticoagulants to prevent the formation of blood clotting, water pills to remove excess fluids and sodium from your body and corticosteroids to reduce the inflammation.
Nonsurgical Procedure: The doctor may use a nonsurgical procedure called alcohol septal ablation to treat cardiomyopathy. During this procedure, your doctor will inject ethanol through a catheter into the small artery that supplies blood to the thickened area of the heart muscle. This will kill the cells and the thickened tissue will shrink to a more normal size, thereby allowing the free flow of blood through the ventricles.
Surgery: Different types of surgery can be used to treat cardiomyopathy.
- Septal Myectomy: It is an open-heart surgery used to treat the severe symptoms of cardiomyopathy.
- Surgically Implanted Devices: Surgeons will use different types of devices in the heart to help it work better.
- Heart transplant: This is the last resort for patients with end stage heart failure. During this procedure, your surgeon will replace the diseased heart with a healthy heart from a deceased donor.
Why Prefer India for Cardiomyopathy Treatments?
The high costs for treatments in the US, waiting lists in the UK and lack of medical facilities in third world countries, India is the most preferred medical tourism destination as it offers high quality cardiomyopathy treatments at reasonable costs. India has world class facilities of the hospitals, latest equipments in healthcare and renowned cardiologists and physicians ensuring to provide quality treatments that are at par with the western countries.
If you are really seeking treatments for the Cardiomyopathy, kindly fill up the form for a free consultation with our expert cardiologists. You will be provided with thorough analysis and suggestions regarding the Cardiomyopathy treatments you are seeking for. Click to Here Fill up our Enquiry Form