India Cardiac Surgery Site is associated with experienced cardiologists to deliver the perfect treatment and recuperative plan. Before the surgery, we will educate the patient with every fact involved in surgery and maintain the transparency in procedure, facilities and the related costs. We provide quality services and also assists with arrangements by keeping the concerns of the international patients in mind, providing you the utmost care and professionalism.
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Planning your medical trip to India is a very simple process with India Cardiac surgery site
1. You just need to fill in our enquiry form and one of our executives will contact you soon.
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3. Complete information regarding surgery is provided on our website.Click to Here Fill up our Enquiry Form
Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) Overview:
Interrupted Aortic arch happens to be a birth defect in which a small section of the aorta is missing. It is known to carry the oxygen rich blood from the left ventricle to all parts of the body. In this deformity the first part of the aorta is not connected to the second and third parts of the aorta.
Types of Interrupted Aortic Arch:
There are three major types of interrupted Aortic arch and they are classified according to the level of interruption.
1) Type A – Around 30% to 40% of infants have this type of Interrupted Aortic Arch and occurs just beyond the left subclavian artery.
2) Type B – The most common of the Interrupted Aortic Arch, it accounts of 53% of the cases. It is known to occur between the left carotid artery and the left subclavian artery
3) Types C – It occurs between the innominate artery and the left carotid artery. It is the least common among the Interrupted Aortic Arch and accounts for only 4% of the cases.
It is genetic or an inherited form of disease. Here, a section of the chromosome, that affects the anatomy of the heart, is missing, and this is the prime reason on changing the shape of the heart and the vessels. Though it is rare, it is a life threatening disease and must be treated right away. Babies who are affected by this deformity tend to show the symptoms right away.
Signs & Symptoms of Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA)
The baby will seem fine at first. Surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) in India reviews of patients indicate that the following symptoms are present
- Weakness or getting tired easily
- Trouble in feeding
- Working hard to breathe
- Fast heartbeats
Check out the Patient Testimonial, where the patient shares about their success stories from treatments through India Cardiac Surgery Consultants.
My name is Wensy Odili from Nigeria. At about 18 weeks in my pregnancy, when the doctor gave me a bad news that my son has a hole in the heart. Just few weeks before the arrival of my baby, we got to learn that my baby has interrupted aortic arch and require surgery. I started searching for better treatment options abroad and came across India Cardiac Surgery Site. After contacting them and convinced with their high quality services and facilities, we travelled to India. At the hospital, we met the surgeon, who is a reputed pediatric cardiologist. He explained us everything before the surgery and repaired the aortic arch as well as the hole in his heart. The nurses were friendly and compassionate. I would like to thank each one of you for your assistance in arranging my son’s surgery in India.
Diagnosis of Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA)
Interrupted Aortic arch in India is usually diagnosed with the help of an echocardiogram. With the help of ultrasound waves placed on the chest images of the valves and chambers of the heart are produced. It can be seen with the help of ultrasound waves while the fetus is still in the womb. Free Consultation Surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) in India will provide you an idea on the pros along with the cons of this form of surgery.
Treatments of Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) Surgery
As far as the treatment mechanism is concerned, Surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) in India will be required in the first few weeks of the life of the baby. Before the surgery, the baby will need medicine, which keeps the ductus arteriosus open so that the blood can pass on to the rest of the body. During the course of the surgery, the two parts of the aorta, closing the ventricular septal defect and the opening of the ductus arteriosus will be undertaken. The doctor may need to undertake more than one surgery, depending upon the size and position of the ventricular septal defect and the size of the outflow from the left ventricle.
Adult and Adolescent Management
Interrupted Aortic Arch is the rarest form of abnormality, and it is always possible to repair in childhood. A common type of congenital anomaly is ventricular septal defect where there is a hole in the part of the heart that separates the two main pumping chambers. Patients with large VSD’s will need to have repair undertaken as per children. In some cases, some of them may tend to have patch leaks where fluid flows out. If the patient has a large amount of VSD and has not been repaired by adulthood, then there are chances of high blood pressure.
Why choose an Indian Hospital for Surgery to Correct Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA)?
Quality healthcare along with Low cost surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch in India are not only the two benchmarks on choosing the hospitals in the country. The post recovery period assumes a lot of significance in this regard as the patients have to undertake regular follow up with their respective hospital. With the help of telemedicine, one can be in touch with their hospitals and the patients do not have to return back to the country for routine checkups.
Accommodation is another important to consider when you are travelling. It is always suggested that someone close to you accompanies you during this critical time. Most of the top notch hospitals have facilities for the relatives of the patients coming in. This also results in considerable amount of savings on the cost aspect.
Cost of Surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) Treatments in India
With rising costs of treatment in the developed countries like the UK or US, patients are on the lookout for Affordable surgery for Interrupted Aortic Arch in India. In fact celebrities, sportsmen along with other people flock to India for medical treatment. This has provided opportunities for growth of the medical tourism sector and is regarded as a booming sector. The government has extended all possible support to the development of this sector and relaxations in the form of visa on arrival are some of the steps take in this regard.
- How common is interrupted aortic arch?
- IAA is an extremely rare condition; it occurs in 2 of every 100,000 births.
- What is the cause of interrupted aortic arch?
- IAA is a genetic, or inherited disease. Specifically, a section of a chromosome that affects the heart’s anatomy is missing. This is responsible for changing the normal shape of the heart and its vessels.
- Many babies who are born with IAA also have DiGeorge syndrome, which is also a genetic disorder caused by the missing part of the same chromosome. Children who are born with DiGeorge syndrome can suffer from repeated infections and facial defects such as cleft lip.
- Although it is rare, IAA is a life-threatening condition and must be treated right away. Babies who are born with IAA usually show symptoms right away.
- What are the symptoms of interrupted aortic arch?
- Children who have IAA may have the following symptoms:
- weakness and fatigue
- rapid breathing
- rapid heartbeat
- poor feeding habits
- How is interrupted aortic arch diagnosed?
- IAA is usually diagnosed with an echocardiogram. During an echocardiogram, ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves) from a handheld wand placed on the chest provides images of the heart’s valves and chambers. An IAA can also be seen with the use of ultrasound while the fetus is still in the womb.
- How is interrupted aortic arch treated?
- IAA is treated with surgery to repair the aorta and restore the correct arch. While the fetus is in the womb, the developing heart has a small blood vessel called a ductus arteriosus. This vessel supplies blood to the pulmonary artery, which carries the blood to the lungs. The ductus arteriosus usually closes soon after the baby is born. If the ductus arteriosus does not close after the baby is born, it is called a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).
- What is the outlook for patients who have interrupted aortic arch?
- Patients who are treated for IAA usually have to take antibiotics for the rest of their lives in order to prevent endocarditis, an infection of the heart’s interior and valves. Following surgery for IAA, patients usually have a good outlook. For instance, 10 years after surgery, 81% of patients are still alive.
- How do I make an appointment with the best cardiologist in India?
- All you have to do is send us your medical report and be rest assured. We will choose the best suitable surgeon for you, after consulting the experts.
In addition, the baby’s skin may appear gray in certain areas because blood is not reaching that part of the body.
Children who are born with IAA may also have an atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD). A septal defect is a hole in the septum, the wall in the middle of the heart. In babies who have IAA, a ventricular septal defect allows some oxygenated blood to move from the left ventricle to the right ventricle, for circulation in the body.
Babies who have IAA may also have other heart defects, such as truncus arteriosus or transposition of the great arteries.
One of the signs of IAA is a patent ductus arteriosus. Because the PDA is supplying blood to the pulmonary artery (and to the lungs), the first step in treating interrupted aortic arch is to keep the PDA open. This is done by giving the baby a drug known as prostaglandin E1.
During surgery, the surgeon will remove the PDA and close its opening to the pulmonary artery. The surgeon will then connect the two ends of the aorta so that they form a complete and correct arch. Also, the ventricular septal defect (hole in the septum) is closed.
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