What is Pediatric Cardiac Surgery?
Cardiac surgery in children is performed to repair the congenital heart defects, the heart defects a child is born with and the heart diseases a child gets after birth which needs the surgery. A pediatric cardiac surgery in India is required for the child’s wellbeing.
There are many kinds of heart defects some are minor while others are more serious. These defects can occur inside the heart or in the large blood vessels outside the heart. Some heart defects need surgery right after the baby is born while for others the child may be able to safely wait for months or years to have surgery. Sometimes a series of procedures in needed instead of a single surgery as it may not be enough to repair the heart defect.
Three different techniques to fix the congenital defects of the heart in children includes the following:
Open heart surgery involves a surgeon using a heart-lung bypass machine. An incision is made through the sternum or breastbone while the child is under anesthesia hence he/she is asleep and pain free. The tubes are used to re-route the blood through a special pump or a heart-lung bypass machine that adds oxygen to the blood and keep it warm and moving through the rest of the body whilst the surgeon repairs the heart. Using this machine allows the heart to be stopped which makes it possible to repair the heart muscle itself, the heart valves or the blood vessels outside the heart. After completion of the repair, the heart is started again while the machine is removed. The breastbone and the skin incision are then closed.
In case of some heart defect repairs, the incision is made on the side of the chest, between the ribs and this is called a thoracotomy. Sometimes it is also called as a closed heart surgery which is done using special instruments and a camera.
Another way to fix the defects in the heart is inserting small tubes into an artery in the leg and passing them up to the heart. However, only some heart defects can be repaired this way. Contact us to request a free consultation with the best pediatric cardiac surgeons in India for affordable cost pediatric cardiac surgery in India.
Why Pediatric Cardiac Surgery is Performed?
Few heart defects require to be repaired soon after the birth while for others it is better to wait months or years. While certain heart defects may not need to be repaired.
The general symptoms indicating pediatric cardiac surgery in India includes the following:
- Difficulty breathing as the lungs are congested, wet or filled with fluid (heart failure)
- Blue or gray skin, nails beds (cyanosis) and lips which indicate that there is not enough oxygen in the blood or hypoxia
- Poor feeding or sleeping, lack of growth and development of the child
- Problems with heart rate or arrhythmias (heart rhythm)
Mrs.Okafor & Baby.Adebiyi Okafor, Nigeria
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Surgery
Cardiac surgeries can be really complicated and even if they seem simple in some cases, it’s quite unpredictable if it will go as smoothly the procedure begins. And when it is your 4 year old child undergoing a heart surgery, it is really scary.
When our child’s weight gain was very poor along with concerns like his lips turning blue, shortness of breath and being tired all the time, our paediatrician referred us to a cardiologist as he detected a murmur in his heartbeat. After an appointment with the doctor, our child was detected with VSD – Ventricular Septal Defect, a medical condition in which a hole appears on the lower chamber of the heart. We were assured of a cardiac surgery but we were worried about the success rate. Through one of our relatives in India we were suggested to connect with IndiaCardiacSurgerySite in India for a complete relief to our son’s suffering with the treatment plan at the most affordable price. The experienced team connected us with the best pediatric cardiac surgeon in India who further prescribed various tests for a perfect diagnosis to understand the intensity of his condition. The tests included an Electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization, chest x ray, and pulse oximetry. After the results were out the performing surgeon was in a better state to understand the degree to which VSD has affected our child. He then suggested going for surgery that may include a combination of open-heart surgery and catheter based technique. The surgeon at the suggested hospital was experienced and well equipped to treat the heart related ailments. He sounded so confident while explaining us the surgery in detail and that we could imbibe that optimism and confidence. To some extent, we could manage to reduce our anxiety and nervousness as parents. The surgery was a big success and now its been 3 years and our son is living in the best of his health with actively being a part of all routine activities. Thank Team IndiaCardiacSurgerySite for this painless medical journey.
Best Candidates for Cardiac Surgery:
There are different factors that determine the perfect candidate for a particular heart surgery. On the basis of the severity of the heart disease, your pediatric cardiac surgeon might suggest you the surgery. Serious congenital heart defects are preferred for pediatric heart surgery and some of the conditions are listed below:
- During the first few hours, days, weeks or may be months after the birth congenital defects in the new born are evident and hence the symptoms of unhealthy skin, irregular breathing patterns, swelling of abdomen, eyes or limbs are observed.
- Sometimes because of no sign of disease the heart defects are detected as late as even after 20years of age. They are usually discovered accidentally while treating diagnosing other symptoms. The longer we wait, the more health consequences a child may suffer.
- Certain symptoms like experiencing swelling of hands and ankles, fatigue all the time, shortness of breath are advised thorough analysis and surgery thereafter if required.
Types of pediatric Heart Conditions Treatment:
There are different corrective heart surgeries performed in order to fix congenital heart defects in India and surgery is requisite if the defect could harm the child’s long-term health or well-being.
- Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation:
- Coarctation of the aorta repair:
- Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair:
- Ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair:
- Tetralogy of Fallot repair:
- Transposition of the great vessels repair:
- Truncus arteriosus repair:
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) correction:
- Hypoplastic left heart repair:
Results: Results of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in India are remarkably good. After the congenital heart defect surgery children usually lead a normal healthy life as that of those who aren’t born with the heart defects. The possibilities of unwanted risks can be reduced by opting for the best pediatric Surgeons.
Recovery: Though the recovery is entirely depends on the type of procedure and the patient’s self-recovery time
Though the recovery is entirely depends on the type of heart procedure and the patient’s self-recovery time. Mostly children show fast recovery and would stay in the ICU for 3-4 days after the procedure including another week or so in the hospital. Patient may need another 3-5 weeks to fully recover and can get back to usual routine. The behavior of the child may change, they may become more irritable and may often cry for no reason.
The team of pediatric heart surgeons consists of specialists in the fields of neonatology, cardiology, cardiac anesthesia, intensive care, nursing, social work and respiratory therapy. These teams are trained extensively to provide the best medical care for your child before, during and after surgery. The top pediatric cardiologists in India will have a detailed discussion about the choices and possible outcomes to help your child. You may rest assured that they offer the right options so that you choose the best treatment for your child. Send us your query to know the pediatric cardiac surgery cost in India.
Highly trained specialists take care of all the needs of the infants and children who require a heart surgery. The pediatric cardiac surgeons provide a system of care which embraces the special needs of infants, children and teens as well as their families for diagnosing heart conditions, treating children with heart problems and planning for sound management before and after the surgery.
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